The Erechtheion (Ἐρέχθειον) was a temple of Athena but also other ancient gods were revered here. The name “Erechtheion” comes from the name of the Athenian king Erechtheus.
The constructions of Erechtheus was started in 421 BCe and was completed in 405 BCE. In the sixth century, it was converted to church and it was used as a harem for the Turkish commander, under the Ottomans. The temple is built of marble. On the south side, there is a porch supported by 6 statues in form of maidens called Caryatid. The statues were substituted by the replicas and original statues are in the Acropolis Archaeological Museum.